A Surgical Treatment Algorithm Using the Lateral Plate and Cable System for Periprosthetic Fractures of the Femur Around a Well-fixed Stem
Dr. Kristoff Corten
24 slide(s) – 00:06:05 – English – 2009-07-06
Purpose: Plate and cable alone constructs to treat periprosthetic fractures around a well-fixed femoral stem in total hip replacements, have been reported with high failure rates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of our surgical treatment algorithm to reliably use lateral plate and cable constructs in these fractures. Method: One hundred and six periprosthetic fractures in 102 patients were treated between 1996 and 2006. Forty-five fractures were pre-operatively assessed as Vancouver type B1 fractures. The joint was always dislocated and stability of the implant was meticulously evaluated. This led to the identification of nine (20%) unstable stems leaving 36 fractures to be real B1-type fractures. The fracture was considered to be suitable for lateral plate and cable alone fixation if the medial cortex was not comminuted and an anatomical reduction of the medial cortex could be achieved. Twenty-nine B1- and 5 C-type fractures had been treated with a single lateral plate and cable construct. The mean length of follow-up was 43.2 months. The paired Student’s T-test with a confidence interval of 95% and a significant p-value of p<0.05 was used to compare the pre- and post-operative UCLA hip scores. Results: Four (12%) patients died within one month from surgery leaving 30 patients for follow-up. Twenty-nine fractures united at a mean of 6.4 months. One B1-type construct failed due to inappropriate proximal fixation. Two fractures united uneventfully with a mean of 8° of varus alignment of the proximal fragment. One patient with a C-type fracture sustained a fracture distal to the tip of the plate. There were three plate infections (8.8%). There was no significant difference between the pre- and post-operative UCLA hip scores (25 versus 23 resp.). Conclusion: These fractures represent a difficult problem with a high complication rate of 30%. The presented treatment algorithm contributed significantly to the 97% union rate with plate and cable alone constructs that was comparable to the union rates achieved with combined plate and strut graft fixation.