Predictors of Physical Activity Level in Nigerian Menopausal Women
15 slide(s) – English – 2012-03-28
Introduction: Literature search reveals a dearth in studies concerning Physical Activity Level (PAL) in Nigerian menopausal women. Aims: To investigate PAL of Nigerian women aged 40 to 60 years and examine possible association between PAL and their selected clinical and socio-demographic variables. Methods: Cross–sectional study of 547 women using purposive sampling method to recruit participants in urban centers of three states from three geopolitical zones in Nigeria. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to assess PAL. A self- administered 13- item semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain clinical (menopausal status, perceived health status, health problems, menopausal symptoms) and socio-demographic (age, marital status, educational level, occupation and personal income) information from participants. Chi- square and logistic-regression analysis were used to assess association between PAL and these variables. Results: Participants’ mean age was (49.21± 5.2) years, comprising 184 (33.6%) premenopausal, 129 (23.6%) peri-menopausal and 234 (42.8%) postmenopausal women. Moderate PAL was mostly reported by the three menopausal groups. No significant association was observed between PAL and menopausal status (P=0.348), health problems (P= 0.079), any of the menopausal symptoms and age-group (P=0.381) of the women. PAL had a direct significant association with perceived health status (p= 0.001), marital status (p= 0.004), educational level (p=0.00), occupation (p= 0.016) and personal income (p= 0.000). Conclusion: Nigerian menopausal women reported a moderate PAL. Self-perception of good health, being married, having post-secondary education, being self-employed and belonging to a middle income category were direct predictors of involvement in moderate PAL. Keywords: Physical activity, predictors, menopausal-women.