COMPLIANCE OF RECOMMENDATIONS WITH FRENCH CLINICAL PRACTICE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THROMBOEMBOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH CANCER: THE CARMEN STUDY.
Disclosure : this work received a grant from Leo Pharma
8 slide(s) – English – 2012-06-29
Background: Long-term treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is recommended for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients. Few data are available on compliance in this population. Our study measured whether the management of VTE in patients with cancer was consistent with French recommendations. Methods: Compliance with recommendations (CR+) was analysed according to malignancy and VTE from a 500-patient cross-sectional observational study run between May and October 2010. CR+ was defined as the compliance to initial 10-day treatment followed by long-term LMWH for at least 3 months, avoiding LMWH in patients with renal insufficiency (SRI). All inpatients with a diagnosis of cancer and VTE of less than 6 months were included in the study. Results: Of 500 patients included in 47 centers, 242 (49%) were male, 81 (18%) had local (T+), 83 (18%) had loco-regional (N+) and 287 (64%) had metastatic malignancies. Malignancies were gastro-intestinal (25%), gynaecologic (23%), pulmonary (21%), haematological (14%), urologic (10%) or other (8%). Twelve patients had SRI. Overall, treatment was CR+ in 289/500 patients (58% [95% CI 53%-62%]). Out of 12 patients with SRI only 3 (25%) were treated long-term with vitamin K antagonists (VKA), as usually recommended. Tumour site influenced CR+ (p=0.02). Treatment for haematological malignancy was poorly compliant with recommendations (32%) while patients with lung malignancy had the best compliance (68%). TNM stage and VTE location had no influence on treatment compliance. Conclusions: In French practice, treatment of cancer-related VTE is CR+ in 58% of cases. TNM stage and VTE location do not influence compliance which remains insufficient, especially in patients with haematological malignancy.